This is one of the most important aspects of art conservation. Preventive conservation does not require all of the skills that a conservator associates with conservation, and prevention does not always entail direct intervention with the objects. Preventive conservation is extremely important and is the ideal in any situation, as potential damage is recognized and stopped before it occurs. This entails:
- Regular inspection and maintenance
- Climate control in display and storage areas
- Periodic workshops with the handlers of the artworks about preventing damages, condition reporting and other such issues.
- Understanding the sensitivity of particular objects for travel or display
- Documentation for digitization, insurance purposes or asset assessment
- Prolong the life of artworks
- Clarify the artistic and historical messages therein without the loss of authenticity and meaning.
- Preserve and reveal the aesthetic and historic value of the artwork
- Maintain longevity of the artworks which will directly benefit for investment purposes
- Aid in authentication and developing condition reports before works of art are purchased or acquired from an unknown source
- Periodically monitor condition and recommend changes in environmental conditions that will reduce risk of damage to artworks and increase their longevity
- Perform maintenance as and when required
- Perform conservation treatments that enhance the longevity and appearance of objects
- Previously mended tears may stain and distort the paper in the torn area because of badly applied and poor quality adhesives. Tears left unrepaired may increase in length, causing more damage as the paper is handled.
- Adhesive residues, tapes, and stains become increasingly difficult to remove or reduce, and may become worse with time. Methods for removal of tapes and stains are necessarily specific to each work.